dimanche 15 janvier 2017

EURAMES Info Service 02/2017

CONFERENCES
 
1. New-Med Conference: "Youth and the Mediterranean: Exploring New Approaches to
Dialogue and Cooperation", Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International
Cooperation, Rome, 19 January 2017
 
2. Conference: "Islam ‒ Knowledge ‒ Power. Interactions from a Theological and
Historical Perspective", Swiss Centre for Islam and Society, University of Fribourg,
22-23 February 2017
 
3. Conference: “Exposure”,  American Ethnological Society, Stanford University, 30
March - 1 April 2017 
 
4. 2nd International Interdisciplinary Conference: "Racism, Nationalism and
Xenophobia (incl. Islamophobia)", University of Gdansk, Poland, 20 April 2017
 
5. Conference: "Human Rights, Ethics and Spirituality (incl. Judaism and Islam)",
Institute for Cross Cultural Studies and Academic Exchange, Morristown, 21-22 April
2017
 
6. Youth Congress: “Freedom and Security in the Modern Turkey”, Istanbul Şehir
University, 28-30 April 2017
 
7. Workshop: "Christians and Jews in Ottoman Society", University of Oxford, 3-5
July 2017
 
8. Conference: "Shaping New Economic and Financial Policies in Iraq", Al-Bayan
Center for Planning and Studies, September 2017
 
9. Section: "Dislocating Geopower: New Approaches to Space, Culture, and Violence in
World Politics", 11th Pan-European Conference on International Relations, Barcelona,
13-16 September 2017
 
10. Section: "Interdisciplinary Study of Religions", Association for
Interdisciplinary Studies, Baltimore, 19-21 October 2017 
 
11. Panels on “Islam in Africa", African Studies Association Annual Meeting,
Chicago, 16-18 November 2017 
 
12. Panel: "Psychiatry in the Middle East: Hospitals, Science, and Care", MESA
Conference, Washington D.C., 18-21 November 2017
 
13. ISA World Congress of Sociology: “Power, Violence and Justice: Reflections,
Responses and Responsibilities”, Toronto, 15-21 July 2018 
 
 
POSITIONS
 
14. Full-Time or Visiting Position in "Political Science", Sabancı University,
Istanbul 
 
15. Arcapita Visiting Professor of "Modern Arab Studies", Columbia University, New
York
 
16. Daryabari Professor of "Iranian Studies", University of California, Berkeley
 
17. Post-Doctoral Fellowship in "Refugee and Migration Studies (Focus Middle East)",
Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota
 
18. Postdoctoral Fellowship in "Israel Studies (2017-2019)", Northwestern
University, Evanston, Illinois
 
19. Tenure-track Assistant Professorship in “Global Studies and Social Impact”
(Focus Middle East), Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Michigan
 
20. Postdoctoral Fellowship for a Non-Israeli Focusing on "Women’s History or Gender
and History", Tel Aviv University
 
 
OTHER INFORMATION
 
21. Articles on "Algeria and Global Diplomacy" for Special Issue of "The Maghreb
Review, Quarterly Journal on the Maghreb, the Middle East, Africa and Islamic
Studies"
 
22. Articles on "New Military Histories of the 20th Century (incl. Iraq 2003)" for
"Graduate Journal of Social Science"
 
23. Articles for Edited Volume on "Digital Media and Political Extremism. State of
Knowledge, Challenges and Pedagogical Means"
 
24. Chapters for Edited Book: "The Philosophy of Forgiveness, Volume III:
Forgiveness in World Religions (Islam)"
 
25. Resource: "Istanbul Urban Database (Online Open Access)"
 
26. Resource: Free Online Search in English and Arabic in the "Easy Quran Dictionary"
 
27. Teaching English in the Palestinian Refugee Camps of Lebanon this Summer

________________
 
If you want to distribute an announcement via EURAMES Info Service (more than 6000
recipients, only English and French announcements), please apply the usual format of
the text with no more than 50 words and no attachment. Please send only the most
important information to  and refer to further details with a
link to the respective website or an email address.
 
Best regards,
 
Guenter Meyer, Centre for Research on the Arab World, University of Mainz
 
____________________
 
 
CONFERENCES
 
1. New-Med Conference: "Youth and the Mediterranean: Exploring New Approaches to
Dialogue and Cooperation", Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International
Cooperation, Rome, 19 January 2017
 
Eight outstanding young professionals from MENA countries will present their ideas
and contribute to the ongoing debates about conflict, security and radicalisation
with a view to proposing new ideas and approaches to re-launch dialogue and
cooperation in the Mediterranean region. 
 
Information: http://www.gmfus.org/sites/default/files/new-med_youth.pdf 
 
 
_____________
 
 
2. Conference: "Islam ‒ Knowledge ‒ Power. Interactions from a Theological and
Historical Perspective", Swiss Centre for Islam and Society, University of Fribourg,
22-23 February 2017
 
The conference aims to reflect on the development of Islamic knowledge and its
relationship with the discursive and political order. In doing so, both historical
and contemporary issues are raised. 
 
Deadline for registration: 14 February 2017. Information:
http://www.unifr.ch/webnews/content/159/file/A6-5_Tagung_IKP(1).pdf
 
 
_____________
 
 
3. Conference: “Exposure”, American Ethnological Society, Stanford University, 30
March - 1 April 2017 
 
This conference asks, in different sociocultural contexts, how is exposure currently
undergoing transformation, how is its normalization shifting with rapid changes in
technology, how is exposure morphing in relationship to affective economies, how
have anthropologists historically handled exposure, and what new work must be done
in and outside of the academy in order to better understand as well as influence the
shifting authority of this keyword in people’s lives?
 
Deadline for abstracts: 20 January 2017. Information:
http://aesonline.org/meetings/spring-conference/ 
 
 
_____________
 
 
4. 2nd International Interdisciplinary Conference: "Racism, Nationalism and
Xenophobia (incl. Islamophobia)", University of Gdansk, Poland, 20 April 2017
 
Subjects include islamophobia and terrorism, orientalism, anti-semitism: past and
present etc.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 20 April 2017. Information:
http://racismnationalism.ug.edu.pl/ 
 
 
_____________
 
 
5. Conference: "Human Rights, Ethics and Spirituality (incl. Judaism and Islam)",
Institute for Cross Cultural Studies and Academic Exchange, Morristown, 21-22 April
2017
 
Topics include "Dialogues between Christianity and Judaism and Islam".
 
Deadline for abstracts: 10 March 2017. Information:
https://networks.h-net.org/node/73374/announcements/161098/human-rights-ethics-and-spirituality

 
 
_____________
 
 
6. Youth Congress: “Freedom and Security in the Modern Turkey”, Istanbul Şehir
University, 28-30 April 2017
 
The main objective is to provide an academic platform and an opportunity to
cooperate with the graduate and undergraduate students who have an academic interest
in the issues on Turkey’s social, political, economic and cultural modernization
process in the last two centuries by examining this topic. The congress will be
conducted in Turkish and English. 
 
Deadline for abstracts: 1 March 2017. Information:
http://cemts.sehir.edu.tr/gencmots/en/announcement/ 
 
 
_____________
 
 
7. Workshop: "Christians and Jews in Ottoman Society", University of Oxford, 3-5
July 2017
 
This workshop has the explicit purpose of the publication of a volume of collected
essays.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 20 February 2017. Information:
http://royalhistsoc.org/calendar/christians-jews-ottoman-society/
 
 
_____________
 
 
8. Conference: "Shaping New Economic and Financial Policies in Iraq", Al-Bayan
Center for Planning and Studies, September 2017
 
Themes include: Macroeconomics and microeconomics; State-owned and private banks;
Collection of taxes; Trade and investment. Transportation and accommodation expenses
will be covered. Transportation and accommodation expenses will be covered.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 15 February 2017. Information:
https://networks.h-net.org/node/73374/announcements/159836/call-papers-proposing-new-economic-and-financial-policies-iraq

 
 
_____________
 
 
9. Section: "Dislocating Geopower: New Approaches to Space, Culture, and Violence in
World Politics", 11th Pan-European Conference on International Relations, Barcelona,
13-16 September 2017
 
Panels and papers will explore the discursive and material connections linking
space, culture, and violence through a range of case studies, methodological
approaches, and interdisciplinary perspectives.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 10 February 2017. Information:
www.paneuropeanconference.org/2017/ 
 
 
_____________
 
 
10. Section:  "Interdisciplinary Study of Religions", Association for
Interdisciplinary Studies, Baltimore, 19-21 October 2017 
 
This conference aims to bring comprehensive, integrated insights from multiple
disciplines to the study of religions as complex human phenomena.  Insights may be
brought to bear on religions or religious phenomena from humanities, social
sciences, and natural sciences, along with other areas such as arts and
professions.  
 
Deadline for abstracts: 15 February 2017. Information:
https://networks.h-net.org/node/73374/announcements/160053/interdisciplinary-study-religions-section-ais-baltimore-2017

 
 
_____________
 
 
11. Panel on “Islam in Africa”, African Studies Association Annual Meeting, Chicago,
16-18 November 2017 
 
The panel, “New Voices in the Study of Islam in Africa,” will consist of four papers
and is open to any presenter on any topic connected to the study of Islam in Africa.
Graduate students and scholars based in Africa are particularly encourage to submit
proposals. 
 
Deadline for abstracts: 1 March 2017. Information: Fallou Ngom ()
 
 
_____________
 
 
12. Panel: "Psychiatry in the Middle East: Hospitals, Science, and Care", MESA
Conference, Washington D.C., 18-21 November 2017
 
Drawing from various historical episodes and present formations, we ask: What is the
history, forms, and trajectory of psychiatry as an institutional formation in the
Middle East?
 
Deadline for abstracts: 25 January 2017. Information:
https://networks.h-net.org/node/73374/announcements/161043/call-panelists-mesa-2017-psychiatry-middle-east-hospitals.

 
 
_____________
 
 
13.  ISA World Congress of Sociology: “Power, Violence and Justice: Reflections,
Responses and Responsibilities”, Toronto, 15-21 July 2018 
 
This Congress will focus on how scholars, public intellectuals, policy makers,
journalists and activists from diverse fields can and do contribute to our
understanding of power, violence and justice.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 30 September 2017. Information:
www.isa-sociology.org/en/conferences/world-congress/toronto-2018/ 
 
 
_____________
 
 
POSITIONS
 
14. Full-Time or Visiting Position in Political Science, Sabancı University,
Istanbul 
 
The Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences invites applications for a position with a
particular emphasis on Research Methods. The search process will close in time for
appointment, in case of a successful candidate, at the start of the academic year of
2017-18. An excellent record and potential for scholarly publication is essential.
Applicants must have strong methodological skills and a solid background, preferably
in research methods and comparative politics, as well as promise of outstanding
teaching. 
 
Information: http://sabanciuniv.edu/en/faculty-position-in-political-science 
 
 
_____________
 
 
15. Arcapita Visiting Professor of Modern Arab Studies, Columbia University, New York
 
The Middle East Institute and the Department of Middle Eastern, South Asian and
African Studies invite applications for a one-semester position for the fall 2017 or
spring 2018 semester. The position may be filled at the rank of Visiting Assistant
or Associate Professor, or Visiting Professor. We are interested in candidates whose
field of research and teaching is in history, culture, or social sciences of the
modern Arab world. 
 
Deadline for application: 4 April 2017. Information:
https://academicjobs.columbia.edu/applicants/jsp/shared/frameset/Frameset.jsp?time=1484474350801

 
 
_____________
 
 
16. Daryabari Professor of Iranian Studies, University of California, Berkeley
 
This position is in the rank of tenured associate or assistant professor with an
expected start date of July 1, 2017. Minimum Basic Qualification: Ph.D. or
equivalent degree in a relevant field of Iranian Studies, completed by the
application date; demonstrated excellence in research and teaching.
 
Deadline for application: 3 March 2017. Information:
https://aprecruit.berkeley.edu/apply/JPF01240 
 
 
_____________
 
 
17. Post-Doctoral Fellowship in Refugee and Migration Studies (Focus Middle East),
Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota
 
The two-year appointment is half-time teaching and half-time research and writing.
Candidates whose teaching and research interests span two or more of the following
area studies programs are particularly encouraged to apply: Middle East Studies,
European Studies, American Studies, and Latin American Studies.  
 
Deadline for application: 4 June 2017. Information:
www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54389
 
 
_____________
 
 
18. Postdoctoral Fellowship in Israel Studies (2017-2019), Northwestern University,
Evanston, Illinois
 
The field of Israel Studies includes the Israeli Political System, History of
Israel, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Economy of Israel, Religion in Israel, Sociology and
Anthropology of Israeli society, contemporary Israeli Culture, Literature, Poetry,
Art, Theatre, Music and Cinema. Applicants must have gained their Ph.D degrees no
more than five years prior to the date of application. 
 
Deadline for application: 31 January 2017. Information:
www.dayan.org/northwestern-university-tau-postdoctoral-fellowship
 
 
_____________
 
 
19. Tenure-track Assistant Professorship in “Global Studies and Social Impact”
(Focus Middle East), Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Michigan
 
Areas of expertise could include: global inequality, migration, trans-nationalism,
global health, global communication, environment, human rights, gender, race or
ethnicity. Requirements are: Ph.D. in relevant field by August 6, 2017, demonstrated
success in teaching about global issues, demonstrated scholarly activity and
research agenda in global issues and social impact, etc. 
 
Review of applications will continue until the position is filled. Information:
http://jobs.gvsu.edu/cw/en-us/job/492500/assistant-professor-brooks-college-of-interdisciplinary-studies-global-studies

 
 
_____________
 
 
20. Postdoctoral Fellowship for a Non-Israeli Focusing on Women’s History or Gender
and History, Tel Aviv University
 
This is a one-year fellowship of the Dan David Foundation Fund for Excellence in
Historical Research for 2017-2018.
 
Deadline for application: 1 March 2017. Information:
https://networks.h-net.org/node/73374/announcements/159269/tel-aviv-university-dan-david-post-doctoral-fellowship

 
 
_____________
 
OTHER INFORMATION
 
21. Articles on "Algeria and Global Diplomacy" for Special Issue of "The Maghreb
Review, Quarterly Journal on the Maghreb, the Middle East, Africa and Islamic
Studies"
 
Extended deadline for submission: 28 February 2017. Information:
www.maghrebreview.com. Contact:  
 
 
_____________
 
 
22. Articles on "New Military Histories of the 20th Century (incl. Iraq 2003)" for
"Graduate Journal of Social Science"
 
We seek papers detailing new military histories particularly in relation to raced,
colonized, classed, and gendered statuses such as gendered images such as men at the
“front” and women at the “rear" as well as "Iraq 2003, and gender/race /class
perspectives".
 
Deadline for abstracts: 20 February 2017. Information:
http://gjss.org/cfp/new-military-histories 
 
 
_____________
 
 
23. Articles for Edited Volume on "Digital Media and Political Extremism. State of
Knowledge, Challenges and Pedagogical Means" 
 
Deadline for abstracts: 7 February 2017. Information in German and English: 
http://www.dji.de/fileadmin/user_upload/bibs2016/Call_for_Papers_Digitale_Medien_und_politischer_Extremismus_Deutsch_English.pdf
 
 
____________
 
 
24. Chapters for Edited Book: "The Philosophy of Forgiveness, Volume III:
Forgiveness in World Religions (Islam)"
 
This volume will explore forgiveness in religious traditions, including but not
limited to Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 31 March 2017. Information:
https://vernonpress.com/proposal?id=17&uid=f49f69414ae882280443732ef82ed2b2
 
 
_____________
 
 
25. Resource: "Istanbul Urban Database (Online Open Access)"
 
This is an accessible, interactive mapping platform for historians, architects, city
planners and other researchers to examine and contribute to the collective memory of
Istanbul.
 
Information:
http://us9.campaign-archive1.com/?u=e1ae5bef9757e58afec01a89a&id=47d9e418fd&e=82aeb6c61d
 
 
_____________
 
 
26. Resource: Free Online Search in English and Arabic in the "Easy Quran Dictionary"
 
You can search the content of the Noble Quran by the English or Arabic word. The
resulting list will contain the number of results and for each result: the English
and Arabic term, the Arabic root, the text of the verse in both languages and the
chapter and verse number in both languages. 
 
Information: www.quraneasydictionary.com
 
 
_____________
 
 
27. Teaching English in the Palestinian Refugee Camps of Lebanon this Summer
 
Volunteers must be prepared to work in small classrooms with scarce electricity,
extreme heat, and limited resources. Volunteers must also be able to endure
difficult living conditions and must be culturally sensitive.
 
Deadline for application: 17 February 2017. Information:
www.leap-program.org/get-involved/ 

Εγγύς Ανατολή και γαλλική αρχαιολογία

http://archeologie.culture.fr/proche-orient/http://archeologie.culture.fr/proche-orient/

lundi 9 janvier 2017

EURAMES Info Service 01/2017

CONFERENCES
 
1. Conference: “Rethinking Media through the Middle East”, American University of
Beirut, 12-13 January 2017 
 
2. Media Studies Research Design Workshop, American University of Beirut, 14 January
2017
 
3. Journée d’étude: « Une histoire transversale du Moyen-Orient : nouvelles
approches historiographiques (1876-1980) », Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin,
Yvelines, 25 janvier 2017 
 
4. Conference: “The ‘Dangerous Classes’ in the Middle East and North Africa”,
University of Oxford, 26 January 2017 
 
5. International Workshop: “The Ibāḍīyya in the Context of Early Islamic Theology
and Law”, Orient-Institut Beirut, 27 January 2017 
 
6. Workshop: "Illegalism, Violence, and State Avoidance in Libya, Chad and Central
African Republic", All Souls College, University of Oxford, 6-7 April 2017
 
7. Colloque: « Justice et politique dans le Maghreb post-révoltes arabes : réforme,
institutions, réconciliation », Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Tunis, 21-22 avril 2017
 
8. Journée d’étude : « Les usages du vers : éthique et poésie dans la littérature
arabe classique », Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales
(INALCO), Paris, 25 avril 2017
 
9. 32nd Annual Middle East History and Theory Conference: “Center and Periphery”,
University of Chicago, 5-6 May 2017 
 
10. International Conference: “Before Orientalism: The ‘Images’ of Islam in the
Iberian Peninsula (15th–17th Centuries) and their Mediterranean Connections”,
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, 18-19 May 2017 
 
11. Journées d’études : « Petits espaces en Méditerranée : Iles, présides, et
enclaves. Le contrôle du territoire dans la géopolitique méditerranéenne à l’époque
moderne et au début de l’époque contemporaine (XVIe-première moitié du XIXe
siècle) », Centre de la Méditerranée Moderne et Contemporaine, Nice, 1-2 juin 2017 
 
12. 3rd China and the Middle East Conference: “Asia to the Middle East: Asianization
of the Middle East with Economic Characteristics?”, Shanghai University, 7-8 June
2017 
 
13. Workshop: “Circulating Translations in the 19th Century from the Eastern
Mediterranean to the Arabian Sea: Texts in Practice”, University of Oxford, 20-22
September 2017 
 
14. Conference: “Cultures, Hopes and Conflicts. The Mediterranean between Land and
Sea”, University of Salerno, Italy, 26-28 September 2017 
 
15. Colloque international: « Genre, sexualité, et culture : les enjeux de l’espace
public autour de la Méditerranée. Comparaison Union européenne / Maghreb », Centre
Emile Durkheim, Casablanca, Maroc, 23-24 novembre 2017
 
 
POSITIONS
 
16. Assistant Professor of International Relations, Johns Hopkins University,
Bologna, Italy
 
17. Evans-Pritchard Lectureship 2017-2018, All Souls College, Oxford
 
18. Gerda Henkel Foundation Research Scholarships: “Islam, the Modern Nation State
and Transnational Movements”
 
19. Researcher in the Field of Modern and Contemporary History of Islam, Czech
Academy of Sciences
 
20. Multiple Open Rank Positions in Various Fields of Humanities and Social
Sciences, University of Tyumen, Russia 
 
21. 2 Post-Doctoral Research Fellows: “Muslim Converts and the Formation of Islamic
Civilization”, Center for the Study of Conversion and Inter-Religious Encounters,
Haifa
 
 
OTHER INFORMATION
 
22. Session for Doctoral Studies : “Islam, the Body and the Self”, Institut d'études
de l'Islam et des sociétés du monde musulman (IISMM), Sarajevo, Bosnia, 13-17 March
2017
 
23. Up to 56 PhD Studentships in the Arts and Humanities, South, West and Wales
Doctoral Training Partnership, September 2017
 
24. Pears Foundation PhD Scholarships, University of Sussex, September 2017
 
25. Summer Institute: "Critical Security Studies in the Arab World", Beirut, 17-21
July 2017
 
26. Articles on "Global Identities and Communities" for "Glocalism – Journal of
Culture, Politics and Innovation"
 
27. Articles for Second Issue of “Middle East Review” 
 
28. Appel à contributions pour l’Année du Maghreb Dossier de recherche 18: «
Économies morales et controverses publiques »
 
29. Appel à contributions pour numéro 275 des « Cahiers d’Outre-Mer »
 
30. Appel à contribution : « MIDÉO » 33 (2018)
 
31. Articles for Open Access Journal “Contemporary Levant”
 
___________________
 

If you want to distribute an announcement via DAVO-Info-Service (about 1500
recipients) and EURAMES Info Service (more than 6000 recipients, only English and
French announcements), please apply the usual format of the text with no more than
50 words and no attachment. Please send only the most important information to
 and refer to further details with a link to the respective
website or an email address.
 
Best regards,
 
Guenter Meyer, Center for Research on the Arab World, University of Mainz
 
____________________
 
 
CONFERENCES
 
1. Conference: “Rethinking Media through the Middle East”, American University of
Beirut, 12-13 January 2017 
 
This conference is organized in collaboration with the Arab Council for the Social
Sciences and AUB’s Center for Arab and Middle Eastern Studies. 

Information: www.aub.edu.lb/FAS/SBS/MEDIA_STUDIES/RETHINKING/Pages/home.aspx
 
 
_____________
 
 
2. Media Studies Research Design Workshop, American University of Beirut, 14 January
2017 
 
This workshop will give MA students at the thesis proposal stage and beyond, and
early PhD students, the opportunity to work with senior scholars to develop their
research design and methodology. 
 
Information: www.aub.edu.lb/fas/sbs/media_studies/rethinking/Pages/workshop.aspx
 
 
_____________
 
 
3. Journée d’étude: « Une histoire transversale du Moyen-Orient : nouvelles
approches historiographiques (1876-1980) », Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin,
Yvelines, 25 janvier 2017 
 
Cette journée d’études s’adresse aux étudiants préparant les concours du Capes et de
l’Agrégation d’histoire. Les intervenants proposeront de nouvelles approches
historiographiques sur des questions d’histoire politique, sociale et culturelle en
relation avec les principales aires géographiques au programme.
 
Information :  https://iismm.hypotheses.org/26144

_____________
 
 
4. Conference: “The ‘Dangerous Classes’ in the Middle East and North Africa”,
University of Oxford, 26 January 2017 
 
This conference takes as its central theme this notion of the “dangerous classes”
and invites abstracts examining its explanatory power when applied to the Middle
East and North Africa in the period from around 1800 to the present. 
 
Information:
http://www.sant.ox.ac.uk/events/%E2%80%9Cdangerous-classes%E2%80%9D-middle-east-and-north-africa

 
 
_____________
 
 
5. International Workshop: “The Ibāḍīyya in the Context of Early Islamic Theology
and Law”, Orient-Institut Beirut, 27 January 2017 
 
This workshop will attempt to situate the Ibāḍī case in the wider context of
theological and legal thinking and its articulation in different kinds of writing
during the early period (2nd/ 8th century).
 
Information:
www.orient-institut.org/events/event-details/the-ibadiyya-in-the-context-of-early-islamic-theology-and-law/

 
 
_____________
 
 
6. Workshop: "Illegalism, Violence, and State Avoidance in Libya, Chad and Central
African Republic", All Souls College, University of Oxford, 6-7 April 2017
 
This workshop aims to question common temporal and regional boundaries. There is a
growing corpus of work on militarism, new modes of governance, and the political
economy of illegalism, but there still remains a need to historicize contemporary
patterns of politics and violence, and to understand them in local and regional
terms. Presentation will be held in English and French.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 30 January 2017. Information:
https://networks.h-net.org/node/73374/announcements/157907/illegalism-violence-and-state-avoidance-libya-chad-and-central

 
 
_____________
 
 
7. Colloque: « Justice et politique dans le Maghreb post-révoltes arabes : réforme,
institutions, réconciliation », Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Tunis, 21-22 avril 2017
 
Le premier axe analyse les logiques politiques qui sous-tendent la thématique
réformatrice de la justice; le second se focalise sur le positionnement des
professions juridiques dans le fonctionnement de la justice au cours de ces
dernières années; le troisième axe s’intéresse aux procès consécutifs à la chute
d’un régime autoritaire. 
 
Date limite : 30 janvier 2017. Information :
https://f.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/1460/files/2016/12/Appel-a%CC%80-contribution-IRMC-KAS_Justice-et-politique.pdf

 
 
_____________
 
 
8. Journée d’étude : « Les usages du vers : éthique et poésie dans la littérature
arabe classique », Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales
(INALCO), Paris, 25 avril 2017
 
En quoi consiste l’exemplarité de la parole poétique ? À quelles conditions le poète
peut-il s’ériger en autorité ? Comment a été pensé et dépeint, dans la prose et la
poésie même, le statut de la parole poétique et du poète ? 
 
Date limite : 18 février 2017. Information :
www.inalco.fr/appel-communication/usages-vers-ethique-poesie-litterature-arabe-classique

 
 
_____________
 
 
9. 32nd Annual Middle East History and Theory Conference: “Center and Periphery”,
University of Chicago, 5-6 May 2017 
 
We invite proposals from graduate students, faculty, and independent scholars about
the Middle East and Islamic World from the coming of Islam until the present day.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 10 February 2017. Information:
https://iismm.hypotheses.org/26236
 
 
_____________
 
 
10. International Conference: “Before Orientalism: The ‘Images’ of Islam in the
Iberian Peninsula (15th–17th Centuries) and their Mediterranean Connections”,
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, 18-19 May 2017 
 
The purpose of this conference is to analyse from a pluri-disciplinar perspective,
which conceptions or images of Islam were developed, from the end of the Middle Ages
to the decline of the Austria dynasty in the Iberian Peninsula and other
Mediterranean enclaves closely connected to the Hispanic Crown.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 1 February 2017. Information:
https://iismm.hypotheses.org/25852
 
 
_____________
 
 
11. Journées d’études : « Petits espaces en Méditerranée : Iles, présides, et
enclaves. Le contrôle du territoire dans la géopolitique méditerranéenne à l’époque
moderne et au début de l’époque contemporaine (XVIe-première moitié du XIXe
siècle) », Centre de la Méditerranée Moderne et Contemporaine, Nice, 1-2 juin 2017 
 
Ces journées d’études s’intéresseront précisément à l’histoire de cette Méditerranée
de petits espaces et aux stratégies déployées par les Etats pour les contrôler.
 
Date limite : 31 janvier 2017. Information :
http://cmmc-nice.fr/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Petits-espaces-en-M%C3%A9diterran%C3%A9e-JE-Nice-1-2-juin-2017.pdf

 
 
_____________
 
 
12. 3rd China and the Middle East Conference: “Asia to the Middle East: Asianization
of the Middle East with Economic Characteristics?”, Shanghai University, 7-8 June
2017 
 
All submissions should be related to contemporary themes of sociology, political
science, international relations, history and anthropology during and post-Cold War
Era: China, Islam and the Middle East; Central Asia, Islam and the Middle East;
Japan, Islam and the Middle East. 
 
Deadline for abstracts: 3 April 2017. Information:
http://chinaandthemiddleeast.blogspot.de/
 
 
_____________
 
 
13. Workshop: “Circulating Translations in the 19th Century from the Eastern
Mediterranean to the Arabian Sea: Texts in Practice”, University of Oxford, 20-22
September 2017 
 
This workshop will bring together scholars of translation and intellectual history
in the nahda period to work intensively on single texts or authors or translators,
working between any relevant language pair (or trio, such as
Arabic/Persian/French).
 
Deadline for abstracts: 15 February 2017. Information:
https://f.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/1460/files/2016/12/Call-For-Paper_Circulating-Translations-Texts-in-Practice.pdf

 
 
_____________
 
 
14. Conference: “Cultures, Hopes and Conflicts. The Mediterranean between Land and
Sea”, University of Salerno, Italy, 26-28 September 2017 
 
The conference is jointly organized by the ICSR Mediterranean Knowledge and the
Consortium Mediterranean Worlds and aims to collect contributions that address the
most important questions related to the Mediterranean Basin from the point of view
of different social and human sciences.
 
Deadline for abstracts: 31 March 2017. Information:
http://us9.campaign-archive2.com/?u=e1ae5bef9757e58afec01a89a&id=0d644ec485&e=82aeb6c61d
 
 
_____________
 
 
15. Colloque international: « Genre, sexualité, et culture : les enjeux de l’espace
public autour de la Méditerranée. Comparaison Union européenne / Maghreb », Centre
Emile Durkheim, Casablanca, Maroc, 23-24 novembre 2017
 
Ce colloque propose ainsi de comparer les enjeux, les problèmes, les tensions et
contradictions qui se déploient simultanément au sein des sociétés européennes et
des sociétés maghrébines et au sein de leurs interactions historiques via les
mouvements migratoires.
 
Date limite : 28 février 2017. Information :
www.test-afs-socio.fr/drupal/sites/default/files/FichiersAnnonces/Genre%20comparaison%20Me%CC%81diterrane%CC%81e.pdf

 
 
_____________
 


POSITIONS
 

16. Assistant Professor of International Relations, Johns Hopkins University,
Bologna, Italy
 
Candidates who combine their work in international relations with an interest in
international security would have an advantage; candidates with an interest in
international law, conflict management, international development, or the foreign
policy of the United States are also encouraged to apply. The position is to start 1
July 2017.
 
Information: 
 
 
_____________
 
 
17. Evans-Pritchard Lectureship 2017-2018, All Souls College, Oxford
 
A doctorate is required for eligibility. The Lecturer will receive a stipend of
£3,000, and reasonable travel expenses, Common Table rights in College, and free
accommodation in the College or one of its properties for the period of the
lectures.
 
Deadline for application: 21 April 2017. Information:
www.anthro.ox.ac.uk/latest/evans-pritchard-lectureship-2017-2018/further-particulars/

 
 
_____________
 
 
18. Gerda Henkel Foundation Research Scholarships: “Islam, the Modern Nation State
and Transnational Movements”
 
A research scholarship is usually applied for by one scholar who will work on a
specific project on his own. The simultaneous receipt of salary or retirement
pension and a research scholarship is not possible. The funding period is generally
between one and 24 months.  
 
Deadline for application: 25 April 2017. Information:
www.fundit.fr/en/calls/research-scholarships-islam-modern-nation-state-and-transnational-movements?utm_content=bufferf2a6b&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

 
 
_____________
 
 
19. Researcher in the Field of Modern and Contemporary History of Islam, Czech
Academy of Sciences
 
This position is open to researchers with a PhD degree in Iranian Studies, Middle
Eastern History, Islamic Studies or a related field. The candidates must hold their
PhD degree at the time of applying for the position or guarantee that they will
receive it before the beginning of the position.
 
Deadline for application: 13 January 2017. Information:
www.orient.cas.cz/miranda2/export/sitesavcr/data.avcr.cz/humansci/orient/akce/aktuality/2016/Research-position_modern-and-contemporary-Iran.pdf

 
 
_____________
 
 
20. Multiple Open Rank Positions in Various Fields of Humanities and Social
Sciences, University of Tyumen, Russia 
 
We invite applications from scholars with any area of expertise in the humanities
and social sciences at different stages of their academic careers (PhD or ABD
required) who want to use a unique chance to shape a new institution. It is also a
rare opportunity of multiple simultaneous appointments that can be granted to those
wishing to work together on a research project.
 
Information: https://iismm.hypotheses.org/26207 
 
 
_____________
 
 
21. 2 Post-Doctoral Research Fellows: “Muslim Converts and the Formation of Islamic
Civilization”, Center for the Study of Conversion and Inter-Religious Encounters,
Haifa 
 
Preference will be given to candidates who are well immersed in Islamic history and
proficient in at least two Near Eastern languages, especially, but not exclusively,
Arabic, Classical Armenian, Classical Greek, Hebrew, Middle Persian, and Syriac.
 
Deadline for application: 1 February 2017. Information:
https://diwan.hypotheses.org/8127
 
 
_____________
 
 
OTHER INFORMATION
 
22. Session for Doctoral Studies : “Islam, the Body and the Self”, Institut d'études
de l'Islam et des sociétés du monde musulman (IISMM), Sarajevo, Bosnia, 13-17 March
2017
 
We invite researchers explicitly working on the body, but also those not explicitly
addressing the body, to explore the relevance of the body and the self in their
work.
 
Deadline for application: 15 January 2017. Information:
https://iismm.hypotheses.org/25918  
 
 
_____________
 
 
23. Up to 56 PhD Studentships in the Arts and Humanities, South, West and Wales
Doctoral Training Partnership, September 2017
 
We are keen to encourage excellent applicants whose research interests fall within,
or range across, a variety of academic disciplines, including Classics and Ancient
History, Archaeology, Theology and Religion, Medieval History, Arab and Islamic
Studies, and Celtic Studies.
 
Deadline for application: 12 January 2017. Information:
https://iismm.hypotheses.org/25752
 
 
_____________
 
 
24. Pears Foundation PhD Scholarships, University of Sussex, September 2017
 
The Middle East and North Africa Centre offers three PhD scholarships. The doctoral
project proposed must fall into one of the Centre's main areas of study: Middle
Eastern, Israeli and North African Studies. 
 
Deadline for application for PhD: 26 January 2017. Deadline for application for
scholarship: 9 February 2017. Information:
www.sussex.ac.uk/study/phd/fees-and-scholarships/scholarships/view/710 
 
 
_____________
 
 
25. Summer Institute: "Critical Security Studies in the Arab World", Beirut, 17-21
July 2017
 
The aim of the summer institute is to bring together doctoral students, junior
scholars, and researchers working within critical approaches to questions of
security in the Arab World with established faculty members who will provide
sessions on a range of methodological, theoretical, and professional issues. 
 
Deadline for application: 30 January 2017. Information:
www.theacss.org/pages/Summer-institute-css (click on "English")
 
 
_____________
 
 
26. Articles on "Global Identities and Communities" for "Glocalism – Journal of
Culture, Politics and Innovation"
 
The analysis of migratory flows have led some scholars to agree upon the theory of
“double absence”, where the migrant experiences in his own dealings a loss of
“belonging” to his origins as well as lack of “recognition” as a citizen in his
newly adopted country. The protean reality of globalisation permits, however, to
identify different points of view and particular concrete cases that suggest the
necessity for more complex hermeneutical paradigms.
 
Deadline for papers: 30 April 2016. Information:
www.glocalismjournal.net/Calls_For_Papers/Issues/Call-For-Paper-2017-2-GLOBAL-IDENTITIES-AND-COMMUNITIES.kl

 
 
_____________
 
 
27. Articles for Second Issue of “Middle East Review” 
 
Papers will be considered for the research section (presenting original material
from any discipline that engages critically with Middle East and/or North Africa
affairs, issues, or the study of these regions) and the policy section (influencing
contemporary debate or policy making). 
 
Deadline for papers: 23 January 2017. Information:
https://omerjournal.files.wordpress.com/2016/11/call-for-papers-ht17.pdf 
 
 
_____________
 
 
28. Appel à contributions pour l’Année du Maghreb Dossier de recherche 18: «
Économies morales et controverses publiques »
 
Axe 1 : Les controverses morales et leurs « raisons » : intrication des répertoires,
variation des échelles. Axe 2 : La morale dans l’espace public et politique :
enjeux, institutions et acteurs 
 
Date limite : 31 janvier 2017. Information : http://anneemaghreb.revues.org/2755
 
 
_____________
 
 
29. Appel à contributions pour numéro 275 des « Cahiers d’Outre-Mer »
 
Ce numéro propose d’interroger le religieux dans les sociétés contemporaines des
« Suds » et dans les territoires investis par leurs migrations.
 
Date limite : 20 février 2017. Information : http://calenda.org/374341 
 
 
_____________
 
 
30. Appel à contribution : « MIDÉO » 33 (2018)
 
Le MIDÉO 33 (2018) accueille la publication d’articles ou d’éditions de texte qui
permettent de contribuer à la mise en perspective d’une théologie musulmane des
religions. 
 
Date limite : 1 avril 2017. Information :
www.ideo-cairo.org/fr/2016/07/theologie-musulmane-des-religions/ 
 
 
_____________
 
 
31. Articles for Open Access Journal “Contemporary Levant”
 
Open call for submissions of articles grounded in original research on contemporary
politics, society and culture in the Levant region, its diasporas and
neighbouring countries that have a clear relevance to it.
 
Information: www.tandfonline.com/toc/ycol20/current
 
 
________________________________________

dimanche 8 janvier 2017

πολιτισμός και τέχνη σε εμπόλεμη παγκοσμοιοποίηση.

It’s harder than ever to teach Islamic art — but never more important
How do we talk about architecture and poetry in a time of misinformation and war?
https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2017/01/06/its-harder-than-ever-to-teach-islamic-art-but-never-more-important/?utm_term=.df0de99bb222
By Kishwar Rizvi January 6
Kishwar Rizvi teaches the history of Islamic art and architecture at Yale University. She is a Public Voices Fellow with the Oped Project.


At prayer in the mosque, Damascus, Syria. April 27, 1908. Stereograph. (Library of Congress)
Every year, I take the students from my Islamic architecture course to visit the Islamic art collections at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York so they can see the cultural artifacts we’ve discussed in class. In 2013, we stopped to look at an aerial photograph of the 9th-century Great Mosque of Samarra, taken by the British Royal Air Force 100 years ago. The black-and-white image shows the vast scale of the mosque, renowned for having one of the tallest minarets in the world, at approximately 170 feet.
Someone remarked, “Wasn’t this the minaret that was installed with American snipers fighting Iraqi rebels in 2005, and blown up later?” Silence dropped over the group, and we moved on.
Teaching Islamic art and architecture can feel like walking through a minefield. Long before “war on terror” was a common phrase, the sites I lecture on were contentious, the evisceration of cultural heritage already underway. In my first class, on Islam’s holiest site, the Kaaba in Mecca, I couldn’t avoid showing images of the sacred monument overshadowed by towering hotels. Old photographs and verbal descriptions have to stand in for the hundreds of Ottoman and early Islamic sites destroyed by the Saudi government to make way for ambitious commercial ventures. The hardest segment is on Iraq; some years I skip the Abbasids, as I am unable to talk about the historic city of Baghdad or the holy shrines in Najaf and Karbala, popular pilgrimage sites that have been targeted in sectarian wars, without tears in my eyes.
Now, with devastating images of human suffering from Mosul and Aleppo filling the news, ancient sites reduced to rubble, and rampant misinformation and anxiety about Islam, it’s more difficult than ever to tell the stories of places as old as civilization itself.
The news we receive of Iraq and Syria focuses on military incursions, bombings and the horrific loss of life. In my class, we instead discuss the cultural flowering that took place in the great universities of medieval Baghdad, known as the City of Peace, and the incredible works of literature and science composed there. We are not just surveying the form of buildings or noting their dates of construction; rather, we discuss their political circumstances and the rituals that gave life to them. I want my students to understand that while the Middle East today may be defined by war and strife, not long ago, it comprised great cities, home to poets, artists and craftsmen. And I want them to know that these places are worth saving.
By the time my students arrive at the Damascus Room at the Met, the group has already passed through almost 1,000 years of history, exemplified by ornate tiles, intricately painted manuscripts and resplendent carpets. The room is serene, a “winter quarter” decorated in carved and inlaid wood. Poetic verses are written along the walls, making the room appropriate for entertaining or sitting alone reading a book. I’m transported to Damascus, which I visited for the first and last time in 2010, a few months before Syria’s civil war began. It had snowed that winter, and everyone was out celebrating. The majestic villas in the old bazaar — built in the 18th century by Jewish, Muslim and Christian elite — had been converted to cafes, their courtyards graced with orange trees and jasmine. It is difficult to re-create for my students the grandeur of Damascus, with its layers of Roman, Umayyad and Ottoman architecture. The city is now divided into sectarian zones and in a permanent state of emergency.
The loss of life in Syria and Iraq is unimaginable; millions have been displaced and perhaps will never return home. But what do we make of the thousands of stories that are erased every time a neighborhood is razed to the ground, every time a historical monument is riddled with sniper fire? We bear witness, we document, we try to educate.
Teaching the architectural history of Iraq and Syria, thousands of miles away and under siege, I am often addressing students who have no links to the Middle East but who bring their curiosity and willingness to see beyond political rhetoric. Buildings can evoke universal responses, and students imagine serene gardens on a hillside, the feel of cool mosaic floors in an ancient palace, the smell of incense wafting through a shrine. Studying the architecture and culture of a society allows us to recognize the essential humanity in each other, even in those far removed by time and geography.
My classes also include Muslim students who sometimes know the tenets of their religion but not its history or complexity. A few find themselves at first confused (“There are figurative images of the prophet Muhammad!”) and then awe-struck. Their eyes light up when I talk of the architectural achievements that tell the story of a diverse Muslim faith, spanning from Cordoba to Delhi, from Samarkand to Ghana. They need to know this history most of all, so that they do not succumb to the reactionary propaganda of the Islamic State and others who aim to annihilate the past. They need to know that there is power in building things and that history remembers those who make objects of beauty, not those who destroy them.
The history of Islam, like that of any religion, has never been an easy one. Yet its cultural legacy describes a faith that spans at least three continents and almost two millennia. I speak about the great automatons designed by medieval mathematicians and engineers; of the vibrant literary and artistic culture of Mosul, where Christian and Muslim artists created beautiful works of calligraphy and painting; of the fine-arts academies in Damascus; and of the architectural commissions that lured Frank Lloyd Wright to Baghdad. For the 50 minutes we spend together, my students and I are transported to a world of possibilities. It is an important lesson, of what one day these students will have to rebuild.


Kishwar Rizvi teaches the history of Islamic art and architecture at Yale University. She is a Public Voices Fellow with the Oped Project.


samedi 7 janvier 2017

‘Έλλην’, ‘Ρωμηός’, ‘Γραικός’: Συλλογικοί προσδιορισμοί και ταυτότητες, Αθήνα, 19-21 Ιανουαρίου 2017


Το Τμήμα Ιστορίας και Αρχαιολογίας
της Φιλοσοφικής Σχολής
του Εθνικού και Καποδιστριακού Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών
σας προσκαλεί στο Διεθνές Επιστημονικό Συνέδριο που διοργανώνει, με θέμα
‘Έλλην’, ‘Ρωμηός’, ‘Γραικός’:
Συλλογικοί προσδιορισμοί και ταυτότητες

Το Συνέδριο εντάσσεται στο πλαίσιο του Επετειακού Εορτασμού
των 180 χρόνων λειτουργίας
του Εθνικού και Καποδιστριακού Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών
και αποτελεί την κεντρική επιστημονική εκδήλωση του Επετειακού Εορτασμού
 κατά τον Ιανουάριο του 2017.

Οι εργασίες του Συνεδρίου θα διεξαχθούν
από Πέμπτη 19 Ιανουαρίου έως και Σάββατο 21 Ιανουαρίου 2017,
στο Αμφιθέατρο «Ιωάννης Δρακόπουλος»,
Κεντρικό Κτίριο του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών, Πανεπιστημίου 30.

24th International Congress of the German Middle East Studies Association (DAVO), 18-22 September 2017

You are kindly invited to participate in the "24th International Congress of the German Middle East Studies Association (DAVO)" combined with the "33rd Deutscher Orientalistentag (DOT) / German Oriental Studies Conference of the German Oriental Society (DMG)" at the Friedrich Schiller-University in Jena (Germany) on 18-22 September 2017

Please find attached the abstracts of 15 Open PanelsScholars interested in presenting a paper in one of the Open Panels should contact the specific organizer(s) of the panel by e-mail until 28 February 2017. The abstract of your proposed paper should not exceed 200 words.

All other scholars who want to present a paper or who have organized a closed panel should meet the following deadline:

- Until 31 March 2017: Registration of the abstracts of all papers and panels via the website of the DOT www.dot2017.de/en.  This is also the deadline for the individual registration of participants at a reduced fee. Please note the form for submission of papers and panels will be available on the Congress website before the end of January.

For further information on the Congress see www.dot2017.de/en

Βόρειος Αφρική και Ανδαλουσία: Ζιρίδες

‘ABD ALLÂH B. BULUGGÎN, DERNIER SOUVERAIN ZIRIDE DE GRENADE (1073-1090) : TRAJECTOIRE D’UN ÉMIR DES TAIFAS 
ARTICLE PUBLIÉ LE 03/01/2017

http://www.lesclesdumoyenorient.com/Abd-Allah-b-Buluggin-dernier-souverain-ziride-de-Grenade-1073-1090-trajectoire.html
Par Delphine Froment

Lorsque le califat omeyyade de Cordoue s’effondre au début du XIe siècle, son territoire est rapidement divisé en plusieurs petits royaumes, dits « royaumes des Taïfas » (« royaumes nés de la partition »), qui perdurent jusqu’à la fin du xie siècle et l’arrivée des Almoravides en Al-Andalus.
Parmi ces nombreux royaumes (une vingtaine au début de la période, une dizaine à la fin), l’un nous est particulièrement bien connu : celui de Grenade, dirigé par une dynastie ziride. En effet, le dernier souverain ziride de Grenade, ‘Abd Allâh b. Bullughîn, a laissé derrière lui une très importante source pour l’histoire des Taifas : ses Mémoires, riche témoignage qui nous permet de mieux comprendre le XIe siècle andalous. Avec cette autobiographie, le roi ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn est devenue une figure représentative et incontournable de l’histoire de l’Espagne musulmane, au moment où celle-ci s’apprête à tomber aux mains des dynasties nord-africaines (almoravides puis almohades).

Le dernier souverain ziride de Grenade (1073-1090)

Education et accession au trône ‘Abd Allâh b. Bullugîn est le dernier souverain du royaume de Grenade. Né en 1056, il est désigné à l’âge de 8 ans, en 1064 à la mort de son père Buluggîn Sayf al-Dawla, comme l’héritier présomptif de son grand-père, Badîs b. Habûs. ‘Abd Allâh b. Bullugîn est alors préféré à son oncle, Mâksan, auquel on reproche une mauvaise conduite et même une certaine cruauté, et à son frère aîné Tamîm al-Mu’izz. Considérant qu’il sait déjà écrire et réciter le Coran, on le retire de l’école ; mais malgré cette légère éducation, il est très cultivé, ainsi que le démontre sa capacité à citer des versets du Coran, des hadîth, de la poésie ou des proverbes. Il peut également disserter sur maints sujets : sa connaissance ne se réduit pas au fiqh (droit) ou à l’adab (culture arabe classique), et s’étend à la médecine, à l’astrologie, à l’astronomie. Son éducation montre combien les maisons royales et les familles aristocratiques d’Al-Andalus ont pu, au temps des Taifas, atteindre un haut niveau de culture.
En 1073, à la mort de Bâdis b. Habûs, ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn lui succède sur le trône. Le royaume de son grand-père est néanmoins divisé en deux territoires : celui de Grenade est attribué à ‘Abd Allâh b. Bullugîn, tandis que celui de Málaga est attribué à son frère aîné. Henri Terrasse, dans un article de 1965, fait observer que ‘Abd Allâh est porté très jeune au trône, et du fait de sa faible expérience, doit faire l’apprentissage de son métier de roi sur le tas (1).
Les premières années du règne : s’imposer à Grenade et au sein des Taifas Son règne est assez représentatif des enjeux auxquels sont confrontés les princes des Taifas au XIe siècle : troubles internes, guerres avec les autres royaumes voisins, et alliances compromettantes avec le roi de Castille Alphonse VI pour se protéger des Taifas rivales. 
En effet, dès son arrivée sur le trône, les princes voisins tentent de se saisir de son territoire. L’émir de Séville al-Mu’tamid b. ‘Abbâd, en particulier, s’allie avec Alphonse VI de Castille pour attaquer le royaume de Grenade ; il se replie cependant rapidement pour se tourner vers Cordoue, et ‘Abd Allâh b. Bullugîn en profite alors pour conclure un accord avec les Castillans, qui promettent de ne pas attaquer Grenade en redevance d’un tribut annuel de 10 000 dinars et de quelques forteresses qui seraient laissées à al-Mu’tamid b. ‘Abbâd. A la suite de cet accord, il s’impose face aux princes d’Almería et de Málaga qui avaient essayé de conquérir son territoire.
Surtout, il se débarrasse rapidement de son vizir Simâja pour s’accaparer la totalité du pouvoir : il accuse notamment Simâja d’être un despote, qui aurait essayé d’ôter la réalité du pouvoir aux princes de Grenade ; Simâja avait pourtant empêché l’invasion de l’émirat de Grenade au moment de la mort de grand-père de ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn. La manière qu’a l’émir de tenter de justifier sa décision de renvoyer et de condamner Simâja est un indice des troubles internes que connaît alors le royaume de Grenade, où les Zirides (qui sont des Berbères) sont peu appréciés de la population andalouse.
D’après les propres mots de ‘Abd Allâh b. Bullugîn, la période de son règne qui précède la conquête de Tolède par Alphonse VI de Castille (1085) est un temps de grande prospérité, troublé uniquement par la menace castillane qui plane sur Al-Andalus.
La menace almoravide et la fin des Zirides de Grenade En 1086, al-Mu’tamid b. ‘Abbâd de Séville est attaqué par Alphonse VI de Castille : il appelle à son secours les Almoravides menés par leur émir Yûsuf ibn Tashfîn et qui viennent de prendre le contrôle du Maghreb. ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn répond lui aussi à l’appel. Les troupes des Taifas et des Almoravides tiennent en échec les Chrétiens du Nord lors de la bataille de Zallâqa (ou de Sagrajas), le 2 novembre 1086. Les Mémoires de ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn sont très intéressantes pour le récit de cette grande bataille, en ce que l’émir de Grenade est plus objectif que la plupart des autres chroniques musulmanes : comme le remarque Amin T. Tibi, il ne dit pas que cette bataille fut particulièrement décisive (ainsi qu’elle a souvent été présentée) mais commente très simplement que Yûsuf ibn Tashfîn en ressorti « indemne et victorieux » (2).
Après leur victoire de 1086, les Almoravides repartent au Maroc, laissant les souverains des Taifas en place. Mais très vite, Alphonse VI de Castille revient vers ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn et exige qu’il lui paye un tribut annuel très élevé, arguant que si l’émir ne lui donnait pas cette somme, il ne pourrait pas résister aux Chrétiens du Nord, d’autant plus que les Almoravides n’avaient laissé aucune armée en Al-Andalus. ‘Abd Allâh s’exécute, payant le tribut de sa propre poche et en taxant les Juifs, mais se refusant néanmoins à imposer les Musulmans.
‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn est de plus en plus isolé : des intrigues sont fomentées contre lui par Ibn al-Qulay’î, un faqîh de sa cour, et son frère Tamîm, prince de Málaga, lui est très hostile. L’émir de Grenade fait ainsi renforcer ses fortifications, et fait stocker de nombreuses provisions pour anticiper un probable siège. Par ailleurs, il réorganise ses effectifs : alors que l’administration et l’armée du royaume de Grenade étaient depuis longtemps composées de nombreux Berbères Zanâta, ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn décide de recruter davantage de Berbères Sanhâja parmi ses fonctionnaires pour contrebalancer ces proportions ; il s’agit là d’une tentative pour se montrer conciliant vis-à-vis des Almoravides : en effet, les Almoravides sont eux-mêmes des Berbères Sanhâja, ennemis traditionnels des Berbères Zanâta.
Cependant, et malgré ses efforts pour se rapprocher d’eux, c’est finalement des Almoravides que viendra la déchéance de l’émir : s’apercevant que les royaumes des Taifas ne peuvent plus se gérer eux-mêmes, les Almoravides reviennent en 1090 et déposent les princes les uns après les autres. Grenade est ainsi assiégée par Yûsuf ibn Tashfîn. ‘Abd Allâh b. Bullugîn oppose d’abord une certaine résistance, mais ses forteresses se rendent et ses troupes berbères désertent le camp ziride pour rejoindre les Almoravides. En outre, la population de l’émirat réclame le départ des Zirides qui accablent de taxes et d’impôts les habitants ; d’ailleurs, dès l’arrivée au pouvoir des Almoravides, ceux-ci abrogeront les taxes non-coraniques (c’est-à-dire les taxes qui ne sont pas présentées comme légales dans le Coran). Incapable de se maintenir au pouvoir plus longtemps, ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn se rend à son tour. C’est la fin des Zirides de Grenade : il est alors détrôné, et envoyé en résidence forcée à Aghmât dans le Sud du Maroc. Il y meurt à une date inconnue.
C’est en exil, probablement quatre ans après sa déposition, qu’il rédige ses Mémoires qui sont aujourd’hui une source extrêmement importante pour l’histoire du règne des Zirides en Al-Andalus.

Les Mémoires de ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn

Une source importante pour l’histoire de l’Espagne musulmane au XIe siècle Intitulée al-Tibyân ‘an al-hâditha al-kâ’hina bi-dawlat banî Zîrî fî Gharnâta, l’autobiographie de ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn constituait au moment de sa redécouverte « la somme documentaire la plus considérable et la moins déformée que l’on possède sur l’histoire de la seconde moitié du XIe siècle hispanique » (Evariste Lévi-Provençal). Cette source permet en effet de retracer la vie intérieure du royaume des Zirides de Grenade.
Cinq fragments de ces Mémoires ont été retrouvés à la mosquée de la Qaraouiyn à Fès, où ils avaient été abandonnés, à une date inconnue, dans une soupente avec d’autres manuscrits : l’historien Evariste Lévi-Provençal les a identifiés, traduits, analysés et publiés. 
Les Mémoires demeurent incomplètes : le début et la fin manquent, ainsi que des passages entre les cinq fragments. 
Cependant, ces écrits sont une source fondamentale pour connaître l’histoire de la Taifa de Grenade, son organisation politique et son évolution. En 1965, Henri Terrasse s’est ainsi fondé sur les Mémoires pour décrire le royaume et en analyser la vie politique ; il présente notamment l’organisation de l’administration et de la cour, les relations entre l’émir et ses vizirs, les très nombreuses intrigues autour du pouvoir, et le rôle que les femmes jouent dans la vie politique.
Un testament politique et littéraire de ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn Notons cependant qu’au-delà d’être une description de l’histoire du royaume de Grenade, et d’être ainsi une source unique pour les Taifas, les Mémoires ont aussi été l’occasion, pour ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn, de justifier sa conduite en tant qu’émir de Grenade. Alors qu’il a souvent été accusé de couardise, de luxure et d’homosexualité par les chroniqueurs de la fin du XIe siècle et du XIIe siècle, ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn tente dans ses écrits de réhabiliter son héritage politique (3). Il avait par exemple été accusé par les Almoravides de compromission et de collusion avec les Chrétiens contre les Musulmans : il se défend, dans ses Mémoires, d’une telle condamnation, et accuse en retour les intrigues du faqîh Ibn al-Qulay’î et d’autres juristes auprès des Almoravides pour le mener à sa perte. Par ailleurs, s’il admet qu’il est de nature mélancolique et pessimiste, il insiste sur les batailles qu’il a menées contre les Chrétiens ou contre les Taifas rivales. De fait, il a notamment combattu les Chrétiens du Nord à la bataille de Nívar à un moment où les autres princes andalous rechignaient largement à se battre pour défendre le territoire d’Al-Andalus. Dans le dernier chapitre de son livre, il se présente également comme un souverain juste et bon, n’ayant jamais versé de sang innocent, exproprié des terres de ses sujets ou enfreint les lois du Coran. Il se défend enfin de toute luxure, insistant notamment sur sa non-addiction au vin. Il semblerait effectivement qu’il n’ait pas commis d’extravagances particulières, contrairement à d’autres princes andalous contemporains (4).
Au-delà de sa volonté de justifier ses actes politiques, ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn montre dans ses Mémoires l’étendue de son savoir. Le dernier chapitre est justement l’occasion pour l’auteur de montrer l’étendue de sa science ; il promet d’ailleurs d’y citer quelques uns de ses propres vers, mais ceux-ci ne figurent malheureusement pas dans le manuscrit retrouvé.
Dernier souverain ziride de la Taifa de Grenade, ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn a connu un règne relativement représentatif de ceux des princes des Taifas, qui firent face aux mêmes enjeux que lui : rivalités entre Taifas, menace des Chrétiens du Nord, menace des Almoravides, impopularité auprès des habitants du fait des impôts et de l’incapacité à maintenir la sécurité des frontières, déposition par les Almoravides… Avec ses Mémoires, il nous laisse une source exceptionnelle de ce que fut la période des Taifas. Un témoignage d’autant plus important qu’il est extrêmement rare à l’époque médiévale qu’un souverain musulman raconte de son propre point de vue et écrive de sa propre main les souvenirs de son règne et de sa dynastie.
Notes :
(1) Henri Terrasse, « La vie d’un royaume berbère au xie siècle espagnol : l’émirat ziride de Grenade », Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez, 1965, 1, 1, p. 78.
(2) Amin T. Tibi, The Tibyân, Memoirs of ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn, Last Zîrid Amîr of Granada, Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1986.
(3) Ibid.
(4) Ibid.
Bibliographie :
- Cyrille Aillet, Emmanuelle Tixier, Eric Vallet (dir.), Gouverner en Islam, Xe-XVe s., Paris, Atlande, 2014.
- Pierre Guichard, Al-Andalus, 711-1492 : une histoire de l’Espagne musulmane, Paris, Hachette, 2001.
- Pierre Guichard, Bruno Soravia, Les royaumes de Taifas : apogée culturel et déclin politique des émirats andalous du XIe siècle, Paris, Geuthner, 2007.
- Amin T. Tibi, The Tibyân, Memoirs of ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn, Last Zîrid Amîr of Granada, Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1986.
- Henri Terrasse, « La vie d’un royaume berbère au xie siècle espagnol : l’émirat ziride de Grenade », Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez, 1965, 1, 1, pp. 73-85.